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One of the crucial challenges that Indonesia has to encounter during its transition era is reforming the law and criminal justice in line with the democratic direction of the nation.

In the past, criminal law and criminal justice had been the supporting tools of authoritarian rule, and also utilised in the interest of social engineering. Now, it is time to change the orientation and instrument of criminal law as tools of authoritarian power, to supporting tools for the democratic political system and for the protection of fundamental human rights.

Therefore, to respond to the aforementioned challenges, Indonesia needs well-planned and systematic reform efforts. A grand design of reform in criminal justice and law in general should be initiated. The criminal justice system has been a strategic key point in establishing the Rule of Law framework and respect for human rights. Furthermore, to have a proper functioning democracy, the concept of the Rule of Law must be institutionalised. Thus, the reform of criminal justice system to orient it towards human rights protection is the “conditio sine quo non” along with the process of institutionalised democratic reform of the transition era. Lately, there have been many efforts in conducting transformation in law and criminal justice in order to be more effective. However, there should be more extensive support.

The Institute for Criminal Justice Reform (ICJR) is an independent research institute established in 2007. ICJR focuses on criminal law and justice reform, and general law reform in Indonesia. ICJR takes initiative by providing support in the context of establishing respect for the Rule of Law and at the same time establishing a fervent human rights culture in criminal justice system.

ICJR has three major programs: research and advocacy, training, and strategic litigation. We have built our capacity on criminal policy research. ICJR actively has a major role in the reformation of criminal policy in Indonesia. ICJR regularly provides advice for both government and parliament as an input into proposed policy. ICJR is also involved in several litigation cases both of direct litigation (as a party at trial) or indirect litigation (amicus curiae/ friend of the court). All work carried out by ICJR is aimed towards supporting criminal policy in Indonesia in order to keep it in line with the protection of human right principles and rule of law frameworks

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