Unlawful Blocking Action on LGBT Websites Should Be Stopped
On 3 March 2016, Commission I of the House of Representatives have asked the Ministry of Communications and Information to block several websites which managed by a number of LGBT communities or organizations. Besides the request from the House, the Indonesian Child Protection Commission (Komisi Perlindungan Anak Indonesia) was also requested the Negative Internet Site Management Forum (Forum Penanganan Situs Internet Bermuatan Negatif –“FPSIBN”) which managed by the Ministry of Communications and Information Technology to block numerous websites of LGBT organizations and/or communities
The situation and pressure to block several websites for political reasons has been predicted for a long time, especially when the government issued the Minister of Communications and Information Regulation No. 19 of 2014 on the Negative Internet Site Management (“2014 Regulation”). The 2014 Regulation is ‘equipped’ with the FPSIBN to give an impression to the public that the blocking action which was undertaken by the government has been through a democratic process.
We would like to remind that under Article 28 J of the 1945 Constitution and Article 19 paragraph (3) of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (“ICCPR”), all restrictions of human rights must be expressly set forth in a Law. Websites blocking action is an action that will restrict the access of internet user, and thus, it must be regulated within a Law. Hitherto, there is no Law which regulate an internet websites blocking action. The Law should contain the detail on blocking mechanism, including to determine on who gets to decide the dispute and who will block the website.
The 2014 Regulation and the Forum are two things that contrary to what is stipulated in the 1945 Constitution and also to all Indonesia’s obligations which enshrined in the ICCPR Rights, specifically related to the blocking action on several considered unlawful websites. Without an indication of a website which has violated the prevailing law, websites blocking action is no longer a legal action, but rather a political action which is prone to be misused.
The 2014 Regulation and the Forum can be easily misused for blocking action that has nothing to do with the rule of law as it is currently happening and carried out by the government.
In that regards, we urge the government to stop all attempts of websites blocking action before there is a clarity about what legal violations which committed by website administrators. Furthermore, we would like to highlight that the blocking action must be linked as an effort to enforce criminal law.
Internet Blocking Supervision Forum
Institute for Criminal Justice Reform (ICJR), Lembaga Studi dan Advokasi Masyarakat (Elsam), LBH Pers, SAFENET, KontraS, Indonesia AIDS Coalition (IAC), LBH Masyarakat, Perhimpunan Bantuan Hukum dan HAM Indonesia (PBHI), Empowerment and Justice Action (EJA), Yayasan LBH Indonesia (YLBHI), LBH Jakarta, Indonesia Legal Roundtable (ILR), Mappi FH UI, Kapal Perempuan, Perkumpulan Keluarga Berencana Indonesia (PKBI), Pusat Studi Hukum dan Kebijakan (PSHK), Solidaritas Perempuan
- May 2, 2014 -- ICJR dan IMDLN Peringatkan Pemerintah terkait Rancangan Peraturan Menteri Kominfo tentang Penanganan Situs Internet Bermuatan Negatif
- September 26, 2016 -- Tindak Pidana Cyber Bullying (Perundungan Dunia Maya) Dalam Revisi UU ITE, Ancaman Baru Bagi Kebebasan Berekspresi
- September 1, 2016 -- ICJR: Final Results from the Discussion on the Draft Bill on Information and Electronic Transaction Will Still Potentially Threaten Freedom of Expression
- March 6, 2016 -- Tolak Blokir Illegal terhadap Situs Komunitas LGBT
- March 31, 2015 -- Maraknya Korban UU ITE, Masyarakat Sipil Tuntut Rombak Regulasi
Terkait dengan UU SPPA (Sistem Peradilan Pidana Anak), pemerintah masih memiliki kewajiban untuk membentuk 6 PP dan 2 Perpres. Pemerintahan
UU Tentang MPR, DPR, DPRD, dan DPD (UU MD3) baru Revisi UU No. 27 Tahun 2009, baru saja disepakati di
Respon atas Rencana Penetapan Revisi UU ITE: Lima Masalah Krusial Dalam Revisi UU ITE yang Mengancam Kebebasan Ekpresi di Indonesia
Pada hari ini DPR RI akan melakukan rapat paripurna pengesahan Revisi UU ITE yang telah di bahas Panja Komisi I